نوع مقاله : ترویجی
1 استادیار گروه علوم سیاسی و روابط بینالملل دانشگاه شهید بهشتی
2 دانشجوی دکتری روابط بینالملل دانشگاه شهید بهشتی
عنوان مقاله [English]
Since the victory of Hugo Chavez in presidential election of Venezuela in 1998 which repeated in years of 2002, 2006 and 2012, leftist and nationalist governments came to power in many Latin American countries, but in following of leftist defeat in Venezuela's parliamentarian election and in presidential election of Argentina in 2015, the decline of leftist governments in this region started. The leftist parties in these countries in different ways and by people votes in election through parliaments gave their position to conservative and far-right parties. Applying analytical-descriptive method, this article has attempted to determine the factors of changing the Latin American governments from leftist to rightist and explains the most important causes of this shift in three levels of domestic, regional and international. The authors believe that as the decline of Salvador Allende goverment in Chili was not mean the demise of leftist movements in Latin America, so the shift of some leftist governments in Latin America could not be interpreted as the end of leftist movements in the south of America continent.